acid-base theory

хим.
теория кислот и оснований

English-Russian scientific dictionary. 2008.

Смотреть что такое "acid-base theory" в других словарях:

  • acid-base theory — Any of several theories that give rise to alternative definitions of acids and bases. The original theory was based on Svante Arrhenius s electrolytic theory of solutions and involved the dissociation of water into hydrogen and hydroxide ions. To …   Universalium

  • Brønsted–Lowry acid-base theory — In chemistry, the Brønsted–Lowry acid base theory is an acid base theory. It was proposed independently by Johannes Nicolaus Brønsted and Thomas Martin Lowry in 1923. In this system, an acid is defined as any chemical species (molecule or ion)… …   Wikipedia

  • Brønsted–Lowry acid–base theory — In chemistry, the Brønsted–Lowry theory is an acid base theory, proposed independently by Johannes Nicolaus Brønsted and Thomas Martin Lowry in 1923.[1][2] In this system, Brønsted acids and Brønsted bases are defined, by which an acid is a… …   Wikipedia

  • Acid-base extraction — is a procedure using sequential liquid liquid extractions to purify acids and bases from mixtures based on their chemical properties. Acid base extraction is routinely performed during the work up after chemical syntheses and for the isolation of …   Wikipedia

  • acid–base reaction — ▪ chemistry Introduction       a type of chemical process typified by the exchange of one or more hydrogen ions, H+, between species that may be neutral (molecules, such as water, H2O; or acetic acid, CH3CO2H) or electrically charged (ions, such… …   Universalium

  • Acid–base reaction — An acid base reaction is a chemical reaction that occurs between an acid and a base. Several concepts exist which provide alternative definitions for the reaction mechanisms involved and their application in solving related problems. Despite… …   Wikipedia

  • acid–base catalysis — ▪ chemistry       acceleration of a chemical reaction by the addition of an acid or a base, the acid or base itself not being consumed in the reaction. The catalytic reaction may be acid specific (acid catalysis), as in the case of decomposition… …   Universalium

  • Acid — This article is about acids in chemistry. For the drug, see Lysergic acid diethylamide. For other uses, see Acid (disambiguation). Acidity redirects here. For the novelette, see Acidity (Novelette). Acids and Bases …   Wikipedia

  • acid — acidly, adv. acidness, n. /as id/, n. 1. Chem. a compound usually having a sour taste and capable of neutralizing alkalis and reddening blue litmus paper, containing hydrogen that can be replaced by a metal or an electropositive group to form a… …   Universalium

  • base — base1 /bays/, n., adj., v., based, basing. n. 1. the bottom support of anything; that on which a thing stands or rests: a metal base for the table. 2. a fundamental principle or groundwork; foundation; basis: the base of needed reforms. 3. the… …   Universalium

  • theory — /thee euh ree, thear ee/, n., pl. theories. 1. a coherent group of general propositions used as principles of explanation for a class of phenomena: Einstein s theory of relativity. 2. a proposed explanation whose status is still conjectural, in… …   Universalium

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